Funso: Kupita ndi odziwika predicaments wa siaboma ku Nigeria, mu mzere wanu kafalitsidwe apa [za pansi piramidi (BoP), misika osauka kapena Ponena msika], si nthawi ili gawo kutengera zomwe zikuchitika kwina - kusinthika ntchito zitsanzo kuti zigwirizane ndi lingaliro ili, ngati wotopa? Chonde kukathandiza maphunziro zimene wachidwi wazamalonda ayembekezere - M. Ibrahim
Mu kupitiriza ndi ananena m'madera anga anazindikira "Matulani Mphaka" zizolowezi ambiri payekha nkhawa akanakhoza ndithu motsanzira, monga BoP mabizinezi, kuti mtima Nigeria osauka chikusonyeza Part 2 wa dzina, awa kwambiri kudziwa (kuchokera oposa 100 choncho ndinkaphunzira nawo):
– A Chibugariya yochokera adzakhale kampani (MNC) setting up private dairy milk procurement system with, small-scale farmer suppliers, mu India
– Low-cost drip irrigation systems developed in India
– A French electricity provider producing power through photovoltaic facilities (solar power) for 24 villages and 40,000 people in Mali
– Pastoralists track cattle herds using cell phones and global positioning system devices (afforded by a major mobile telephony provider) in Senegal
– A prominent mobile phone service provider introducing mobile banking solutions (M-PESA) in Kenya and Tanzania
– A United States based MNC (even with a subsidiary in Nigeria, known for manufacturing insect repellent) sources a major product ingredient (Pyrethrum) from poor farmers in Kenya
– South African private sector venture supplying water through smart card technology
– Ceramic water filter developed in Nicaragua
– A simenti wopanga amapereka malipiro dongosolo mabanja osauka, amene amalola kuti kugula nyumba pang'onopang'ono (kuwapatsa owonjezekera kupeza misonkhano, simenti ndi zina zomangira kupyolera mu gulu ndalama pulogalamu) mu Mexico
– Small mphepo makina ndi decentralized mphamvu kachitidwe (Yaying'ono Mphamvu Economy) mu Mauritania
– Madzi a mvula yosungirako akasinja mu Uganda
– Cooker, ankakolezera ndi kokonati mafuta, mu Indonesia
– A omveka MNC kupereka angakwanitse purifier madzi sachets ambiri m'mayiko
– A otchuka mphamvu WOPEREKA (ngakhale ndi mu Nigeria) kupereka "Otetezeka Water kiosks" mu Kenya
– Angakwanitse mtima zaumoyo, monga BoP ogwira, mu India
– Makonzedwe a dzuwa mphamvu kumidzi m'midzi Morocco
– Angakwanitse chimanga silos ku Central America
Izi zitikwanira tsopano. Kodi izo zinachitika kwa inu kuti tatchulazi choncho maphunziro ndi Nigeria zokhudza? N'chimodzimodzinso ndi kwa ena onse zofufuzira amene anadza njira yanga pankhaniyi. Ine posachedwapa anatenga izo pa ndekha kulalikira kwa ena ntchito za malonda zitsanzo zimene ndinaona akanakhoza chitidwe ku Nigeria. Padakali mayankho akhala mwachilungamo zolimbikitsa, koma nkhani ya abwino chilengedwe anali kumatchula. Chinthu akhala othetsa ndi enquirer ananena kuti ine "adawomba kwambiri pankhani za dziko kuposa wosatsutsika ..." pa nkhani ya havocs kuti perpetuated ndi "Boko haram" m'madera a Nigeria.
Komabe, kumene phazi-kukokera pa kugawikana pano BoP ntchito zitsanzo kupanga mafunde ena climes, I urge private sector ventures in this country to proceed with replicating innovations that have been applied successfully elsewhere and suitable to the Nigerian environment. In consonance with the proverb that, “Just because a man is short doesn’t mean he is a boy”, let it be known that just because this environment is perceived as unsuitable for BoP enterprises to thrive, let the private sector here take steps to prove sceptics wrong. I have the gut-feeling that when Nigeria ‘plunges’ into BoP all ‘doubting Thomas’ elsewhere will be astounded with the impressive performance in this area within a very short time. Mark my words -This is the Nigerian style.
Interested entrepreneurs around contemplating ‘giving a shot’ at BoP must realise from the unset that serving the BOP market is not just about reducing prices for existing products or providing solutions or product redesign with those old and cheap technologies, but instead, evolving a completely new price-performance package, requiring three strategies – Product development, price policy and process innovation. The Nigerian intending private sector concern dwelling outside of this would not likely succeed in the BoP or Inclusive markets. To facilitate the smooth entry of the private sector into the Nigerian BoP market the following must be in place on the part of, (ndi) the Private sector and (b) with the government:
On the part of the private sector (To strengthen reaching the poor as consumers, producers, ntchito ndi amalonda):
– Khalani zida ndalamaAnawatsimikizira monga mawonekedwe moti payekha gawo nkhawa ndi mwina ndalama kuzindikira ndi zachuma BoP malonda otchuka amene ayenera chikuwatsimikizira apamwamba chifukwa osauka, kwa ndalama ndi anthu pa lalikulu.
– Pangani luso lofunika mgwirizanoNgakhale ngati ndiyo kuchita zimenezi nontraditional zibwenzi ndi zachilendo zolinga. Gwira kukambirana ndi anthu a mdera, m'deralo omwe si a boma mabungwe, anthu, ndiyeno staffers ena Boma. Taganizirani yapakati-m'makalata secondment makonzedwe.
– Kulimbikitsa alimi chinkhoswe-kuti Muyambe kumvetsa zofuna za osauka sapulaya ndi makasitomala, kuti kukhazikitsa njira nzeru yogawa, kugawana ndalama ndi kumapangitsanso m'deralo nzeru ndi kucheza.
– Always dialogue with the government on policy issues—In order to help expand goings-on in the field (e.g. Making the government to be aware of market constraints, through individual or collective efforts, as a business association, on the platform of policy initiative or stakeholder dialogue). This can make for improvement in education, basic services and legal empowerment of the poor. The same holds for upholding human rights and environmental quality.
– Relationship with local research institutes—Private sector ventures should tap into the impressive (but not often appreciated) output of the numerous research establishments in the country. I am quite convinced that existing resources could be applied to output of such institutes which could definitely impact on markets for poor. This means the over 100 boma ndalama zolipirira kafukufuku mabungwe kuthandiza kusintha miyoyo ya Nigeria osauka, kudzera keying mu lingaliro ili la Bottom (kapena Base) a piramidi.
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